Brain mapping can help solve various diagnostic dilemmas, e.g., whether a memory problem is due to brain injury, brain disease, depression, or effects of medications. Brain mapping can also help determine whether concentration and attention deficits are the result of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or brain injuries.
Certain types of treatments, such as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), can be monitored with brain mapping. Certain parameters of brain mapping can be optimized in such a way as to potentially improve a patient’s course of treatment for many conditions. Evaluation of a patient’s autonomic nervous system may allow one to infer the presence of chronic pain as well as follow the progress of treatment. At times, this may have medicolegal benefits. Brain mapping can also help determine neuropsychological consequences of several brain diseases arising from epilepsy, stroke, encephalitis, or brain injuries.